Case Studies, besides the General Instructions to Authors, should include these sections and take into account the following specific guidelines:
■ It should be clearly indicated that the article refers to a case study.
■ The following information should appear: assessment information, criteria for intervention selection, type and duration of the intervention, outcomes and follow-up.
■ Brief description of the “state of the art” on the type of problem addressed in the case study. Special attention should be paid to the evidence on which the case hypotheses are based.
■ Age, sex, marital status, number of children, family household, profession, formal education, economic status and region of origin.
Referral and goals
■ Analysis of the requests, complaints and/or goals put forward by the client, his/her family or the referral person or institution.
■ Description of the problem in the client’s words.
■ Analysis of factors possibly associated with therapeutic resistance.
■ Description of the assessment procedures and the administration process.
Fernández-Ballesteros, R. (1992): Introducción a la evaluación psicológica. Madrid: Pirámide.
■ Background information. Cause of problem and progress. Data on the client’s history relevant to the problem.
■ Information on the client’s characteristics and his/her circumstances currently related to the problem.
■ Formulation of hypotheses with respect to the client’s/subject’s questions. The hypotheses should be firmly grounded on previously collected information.
■ Description and justification of the changes to be achieved by the intervention.
■ Description and justification of the intervention targets.
■ Criteria for intervention selection.
■ Intervention process: description of the sessions, number and duration; obstacles encountered during the intervention; intervention procedures applied, sequential administration or simultaneous administration.
■ Selection and administration of assessment procedures. Analysis of the assessment results.
■ Statistical and clinical significance of the changes achieved by the intervention.
■ When the intervention has been unsuccessful in achieving the expected changes the authors should offer an explanation and suggest strategies to generate the desired outcomes.
■ Follow-up: the changes recorded during this period should be explained.
■ General considerations about the case.
■ Theoretical implications of the case study.
■ Clear statement that the client’s written informed consent for publication has been obtained.
For more information consult:
Buela-Casal, G. y Sierra, J.C. (2002). Normas para la redacción de casos clínicos. Revista Internacional de Psicología Clínica y de la Salud, 2, 525-532.